|Historic Events 1783||225th Anniversary Events 2008|
Jan 20: The Preliminary Articles of Peace were signed in Paris by Great Britain, France, and Spain.
Hostilities were officially ended, but it took many months for the news to reach the front lines worldwide,
so a few battles were fought during 1783.
The treaties required ratification by the governing authorities before peace was final, and
this process took many additional months, during which most occupying forces were withdrawn.
May 9 to 11: Lauzun's Legion embarks from Wilmington DE for France
May 11 to 15: The siege artillery embark from Baltimore for France
|NOTE: Some commemorations in early 2008 were displayed on the W3R Commons site, but that was vandalized in early 2009 and no longer exists.|
|Sept 3: Treaty of Paris ends the global war||
Sept 3: The 225th Anniversary of the Signing of the Treaties of Paris
was celebrated in many locations, the largest being in Paris, France.
See below for the numerous commemorations in September.
Peace Treaty commemorations in CT | PA | DE | MD | France
|On July 4, 1776, the delegates to the Second Continental Congress DECLARED independence and adopted the Declaration of Independence, in which they pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor to the task of achieving independence from the bonds of British colonialism. They realized that many people would die and that many towns would be destroyed during the coming battles. The Congress had no military factories, no trained officers, no navy, no money with which to purchase them, and no power to tax. It was a time for sober commitment rather than joyous celebration.|
In 1778 France provided an initial cause for rejoicing by signing a treaty recognizing
the independence of the United States and commiting France to armed assistance.
Tha allied U.S.-French forces FOUGHT FOR independence of the United States.
In 1781 France provided a second cause for rejoicing when Adm. deGrasse and a quarter of the French fleet deflected a British naval attack at Yorktown and ensured the defeat of the British army under Cornwallis by the allied forces under Generals Washington and Rochambeau. Continuing French and Spanish military efforts around the globe finally drove Great Britain to agree to negotiations that led to the peace treaty.
On September 3, 1783, the same three men who wrote the Declaration of Independence
played major roles in negotiating the peace treaty that ACHIEVED independence
as Great Britain agreed to recognize the United States as a separate nation
and to cease using military force to return the states to colonial status.
After eight years of bloodshed this treaty was the third
and greatest cause for rejoicing. The United States could now look forward
to soldiers returning to their families, normalized commercial relations,
freedom of the seas, security from surprise attacks, and reassignment of
military labor to domestic and commercial uses -- building towns rather than forts.
So in 2008 let us celebrate the 225th anniversary of the first celebration of an independence achieved and a peace -- for a while, at least -- ensured.
In Paris, France, on September 3, 1783, representatives of the United States and Great Britain signed a peace treaty:
-- recognizing the United States as an independent nation
-- agreeing to a U.S. border along the Mississippi River, and
-- ending armed conflict between the two nations.
Later that day in the same city France and Spain signed separate peace treaties with Great Britain. This year in the 225th anniversary of these momentous events.
During September 2008 there were dinners, parades, fireworks, lectures, exhibits, civic resolutions, postmarks issued, medallions sold and other events in many U.S. cities as well as a multi-day series of events in Paris. Below are descriptions of these events and links to literally thousands of photos taken at the events in Paris.
|Thanks to the efforts of Robert Reyes (W3R®-MD) the U.S. Postal Service arranged for several Post Offices along the W3R to postmark envelopes with special cancellation stamps in honor of the 225th anniversary of the Treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783.|
The W3R®-VA has arranged with the York County Historical Museum
to produce a 1.5" diameter medallion to commemorate
the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route.
Available in bronze or silver, it depicts Washington,
Rochambeau, and the historic trail
that they followed in 1781 and that we are developing.
Many people bought this medallion to commemorate the Treaty
and to provide funds to support the development of the W3R
as a national historic trail.
These medallions may be given to speakers as a special thank-you,
and used as good-service awards to people who have worked on the trail.
front-side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . back-side
If you wish to purchase a medallion, see the Merchandise link on the W3R®-US homr page.
Ask Your Town / County / State to Commemorate
Scotland, Windham, Lebanon, Andover, Bolton, East Hartford, Hartford,
Wethersfield, Farmington, Southington, Waterbury, Breakneck-Middlebury,
Newtown, Monroe, Danbury, Ridgebury
Sept 03 - Plaque for Rochambeau; Symposium on the 1783See the short Photoreport
Sept 10 - Exhibit on the U.S.-France AllianceRobert A. Selig, Ph.D., spoke at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania (HSP) at 6:00 PM on "Redoubt No 1: British Forts in Philadelphia in 1777-78" This talk highlighted the HSP's historic documents that describe the construction and later uses of the forts.
Peace, Liberty and Independence; 225 Years After the Signing of the Treaty of Paris is an exhibit of Revolutionary War era art at the Historic Landmark Building of the Pennsylvania Academy. This is a collaborative effort between the
American Revolution Center and the
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. The September 10 opening reception included period music, costumed Revolutionary War actors, and a preview of two very important pieces of the exhibition with insights by Dr. David Brigham, the Edna S. Tuttleman Museum Director. Poster for the reception
This exhibit will be on display until October 31.
Sept 13 - Parade and Ceremony Honoring Allied SacrificeSee the short Photoreport
2008 Sept 3 and Sept 3 - 30: Illustrations of the W3ROn September 3 the Carroll Museums in Baltimore unveiled a new painting, "Signing of the Treaty of Paris" on the 225th anniversary of that event and hosted a reception for the artist, David R. Wagner.
Photo-report on the opening
Sheet with illustration and full details [PDF file]
From September 3 to 30 The Museum exhibited dozens of David R. Wagner's illustrations. These cover historic events along the entire route of the allied march from Newport RI to Yorktown VA.
The Carroll Museums, Inc.
lists the events and summarizes the history of the treaty (on page 4).
Several thousands photos were taken and posted on on Picasaweb (in seven series of albums). However, by 2020 they were no longer posted:
Visit to Normandy
Saturday, September 6 :
Sunday September 7 :
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