French and European officers in the U.S. theater of operations.
Biographies of senior French naval officers
[Expèdition Particulière Society]: including Barras, Bougainville, Estaing, de Grasse, Guichen, Monteil, La Motte, La P&egrav;rouse, Suffren, Ternay, and Vaudreuil.
Lafayette's memoirs (in English) of his participation in the American Revolution.
Print Resources ======================
Dictionnaire des officiers de l'armee royale qui ont combattu aux Etats Unis pendant la guerre d'Independance 1776-1783, by Gilbert Bodinier (Vincennes : Service Historique de l'armée de terre, 1983.) lists the names of [all] French officers who served in the United States theater of operations.
Les Combattants Francais de la Guerre Americain 1778-1783 (492 pp, introductions in both French and English) (U.S. Congress, Senate, Misc. Publications 58th Congress, 2nd Session, Document No. 77 (1903/04) provides a very incomplete listing (in both French and in English) of the officers and enlisted men who served in the United States theater of operations. Historians estimate that this lists only one-third of the actual number.
. . . database access page.
As of 2019 October the France GenWeb database contained over 46,000 names and had rosters from about 50% of the units that served in the U.S. theater. These numbers are increasing as volunteers enter additional data.
To start a search in the entire database enter your ancestor's surname in the box under "Faire une recherche patronymique" and click on "Et HoP". To view the roster for a regiment click on its underlined name. If there is no underline, the roster has not yet been posted.
Comments on Lafayette GenWeb, by Ralph Nelson (Florida Society SAR) -- If you do not find a person that you expected to find in the database remember the following cautions:
The FamilySearch database "French Combatants in the Revolutionary War, 1778-1783" contains over 27,000 records -- some are likely duplicates due to variations in spelling between records for the same person. These are transcriptions of Images of published rosters of Revolutionary War soldiers from France. Records were compiled by France (Ministère des Affaires Etrangères). These were filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah in1968. You may search by a name, but you cannot browse the records.
. . . French Combatants in the RW"
Rosters for d'Estaing's and Rochambeau's Forces in the U.S.French Soldiers who died in the U.S. lists the unit and date of death for 990 French soldiers who died here during 1778-1783 -- from both d'Estaing's expedition and Rochambeau's expedition. The list is by location (where the death was reported). "A bord" means on board ship.
NOTE 1: On this list all the death locations for Lauzun's Legion say "Amerique". Lauzun's Legion's Losses gives the cities of these deaths.
NOTE 2: There is a similar list of 1,000 deaths for sailors, but this has not yet been posted on-line.
The Chasseurs-Volontaires de Saint-Domingue Regiment was an infantry regiment comprised of over 700 free men of color from the French island colony of Saint Domingue. [NOTE: This island of Saint Domingue is now two independent nations -- Haiti and the Dominican Republic.] The men were recruited to join French Adm. d'Estaing's European regiments and fought at the The Chasseurs-Volontaires was the largest unit of men of African descent to fight in the American Revolution. Their losses were heavy.
The SAR Library in Louisville KY has microfilm copies of the enlistment records for the 5,500 soldiers in the five regiments that were part of Rochambeau's Expeditionary Force during 1780-83. .
* The Germany Society SAR has transcribed the enrollment rosters for the Régiment Royal Deux Ponts (French for "Royal Regiment raised from the Two Bridges area")
See RDP surnames A-K and RDP surnames L-Z.
** As part of a report for the state of Delaware (paid for in part by the Delaware Society SAR) Dr. Robert Selig provided a list of the soldiers in Volontaires-Étrangers de Lauzun who remained in the U.S. when the Legion sailed back to France in 1783. The causes are death in battle, death from other causes, completion of enlistment, or desertion. A number of the deserters were Hessian prisoners who agreed to serve in the Legion, but after several days or weeks deserted and disappeared into the large U.S. German community.
See "Lauzun's Legion's Losses".
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